Natural justice: A concept incorporating certain minimum standards of a fair hearing. These include an unbiased decision maker who makes a decision on the merits of a case, an opportunity to put the case forward and respond to opposing argument.

Natural persons: Human people rather than corporations (which can be regarded as ‘artificial’ or ‘legal’ persons).

Negligence: In a civil context, the breach of a duty of care that causes a reasonably foreseeable loss.